As the capital city of state of Indonesia, Special Capital Region of Jakarta (“Jakarta”) is a center of economic and trade center in Indonesia, which located in the west island of Java. Furthermore, as the central of government of Indonesia, Jakarta is also occupied by buildings that serve as the center of government offices, residential homes, and places of business. Aside to having been regulated on the laws and regulations on building structure establishment permit, and regulations pursuant to buildings and structures, buildings in the Jakarta area are specifically regulated in the Regulation of Jakarta Special Capital City Region Number 7 of 1991 on Building in the Special Capital City Region of Jakarta (“Regulation of DKI No. 7 of 1991”).
Building Construction Permit
The building constructions in Jakarta area can be conducted by firstly obtaining its permit from the Governor of the Special City Region of Jakarta (“Governor”), in the form of Building Construction Permit (“IMB”). The IMB application shall be made by written form to the Governor and submitted through the Section of Sub-District Office (Seksi Dinas Kecamatan) or Department of Sub-District Office (Suku Dinas Kecamatan). The Governor may refuse the IMB application, if the construction of building (i) is violating or harming the public interest, (ii) would harm the interest of local communities, such as endangering the health or environment harmony, and, (iii) has not perform the written instruction, as the condition of application process. The IMB shall be revoked, if the building construction has not been implemented within a period of 6 (six) months from the issuance of the permit, or in the event of the building construction is not continued, except it is notified by written notice by the permit holder.
Prior to the issuance of IMB, Section of Sub-District Office or Department of Sub-District Office may issue the Preliminary Permit (Izin Pendahuluan). Preliminary Permit is the permit which is given to build, accordance to the stages of building construction activities, while waiting the definitive permit. Preliminary Permit is specifically regulated in the Decision of Governor of the Special Capital City Region of Jakarta Number 76 of 2000 on the Procedures on Obtaining Building Construction Permit, Building Utilizing Permit (Izin Penggunaan Bangunan), and Building Utilize Feasibility (Kelayakan Menggunakan Bangunan), Governor Regulation of the Special Capital City Region of Jakarta Number 85 of 2006 on the Issuance Services of Building Construction Permit, Decision of Governor of the Special Capital City Region of Jakarta Number 147 of 2000 on the Delegation of Authority Service of Determination of City Plan and the Issuance of Preliminary Permit of Building Construction in the Province to Sub-District Office in Special Capital Region of Jakarta Province, as far as on the Issuance of Preliminary Permit on Building Construction.
Preliminary Permit is divided into 4 (four) parts, i.e. Preparation Preliminary Permit (Ijin Pendahuluan Persiapan), Comprehensive Preliminary Permit (Ijin Pendahuluan Menyeluruh), Comprehensive Structure Preliminary Permit (Ijin Pendahuluan Struktur Menyeluruh), and Foundation Preliminary Permit (Ijin Pendahuluan Pondasi).
Each building shall comply with the administrative and technical requirements in accordance with the function of the building. Having specifically regulated in the regional regulation of Jakarta, the technical and administrative requirements of building are also guided by other regulations on building structure, for example, Law Number 28 of 2002 on Building, Regulation of the State Ministerfor Public Works Number 24/PRT/M/2007 on Technical Guidelines for Building Construction Permit, Regulation of the State Minister for Public Works Number 29/PRT/M/2006 on Guidelines of the Technical Requirements of Building Structure, and Regulation of Minister of Home Affairs of Republic of Indonesia Number 32 of 2010 on Guidelines of the Issuance of Building Construction Permit.
The administrative requirements of the building consists of (i) the status of the rights of the land, (ii) the status of building ownership, and (iii) the IMB, while the technical requirements of the building contains, (i) the requirements of building structure, and (ii) the reliability requirements of building. The building construction in Jakarta area should be conducted by contractors and supervised by the Supervisory Director. The Supervisory Director is a person or a group of experts/entities which is charged to supervise the implementation of building construction activities upon the appointment of the building owner, in accordance with theprovision that is stipulated in the building permits. To perform their duties, Supervisory Director should have a work permit and responsible for the implementation of building construction activities.
Furthermore, having already supervised by Supervisory Director, all the construction activities in Jakarta area was also monitored by the Supervision Department of City Development (Dinas Pengawasan Pembangunan Kota). Supervisory Director of a building construction has an obligation to report each result of stage of its construction activities to the Head of Supervision Department of City Development. Each design and construction plan shall comply with the technical requirements, which also considering the security, safety, the suitability of building and environment from the side of architecture, construction, installation and building equipment, including safety on the fire prevention.
Design or building plan shall be made and accountable by the experts that have aduty to designing and planning the building and obtaining a written work permit from the Governor. Plan Drawing and Building Planning consists of (i) architectural drawing plan, and/or (ii) drawing and structural calculation, and/or (iii) drawing and its installation calculation and equipment of building, and/or, (iv) drawing and another calculation which have been fixed. The Expert who had a duty to design and plan the drawing and structure calculation, should had to adjust its drawing and structure calculation, and shall not deviate from the architectural drawing. The building owner is having an obligation to inform the Head of Supervision Department of City Development in case there are replacements of the designer and/or building planning.
The violation of any provisions stipulated in Regulation of DKI No. 7 of 1991 is subject to the imprisonment with maximum 3 (three) months, or fine in amount up to IDR. 50,000 (fifty thousand Rupiah), by or by not seizing or confiscating the equipment, which has been used to commit the violations of the provisions. In addition to the penalties above-mentioned, Governor may determine penalties in order to penalize the violations.
Ivor Ignasio Pasaribu