Category Archives: Strata Title

Common Equipment, Common Facilities and Common Land in Condominium

Law No. 20 of 2011 on Condominium ("Condominium Law") requires a developer to separate the condominium with condominium unit, common equipment, common facility, and common land, when the developer constructs a condominium. The separation shall provide a clarity on the following matters: Boundaries of condominium unit that is separately used for each owner; Boundaries and…
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Condominiums Built Over Waqf Land

Currently, construction of Condominiums is growing rapidly, considering the demand for housing is increasing. In this regard, in order to accomodate the people’s need for housing, the Law No. 20 Year of 2011 on Condominium (“Condominium Law”) stipulates that condominium can also be constructed over waqf land. Waqf land means a land that is separated…
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Criminal Action related to Condominium

Background Since the validity of Law Number 20 of 2011 on Condominium (“Condominium Law”) , there are a lot of changes as the consequence to the revocation of Law Number 16 of 1985 on Condominium which is the previous regulation on condominum. One of the changes are visible in the provisions regarding the criminal action…
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The Function of the Condominium House Rule

According to the Law of Republic of Indonesia Number 20 of 2011 of Condominium (“Law No.20/2011”), Condominium is highrise building built in an environment divided into parts and structured functionally, either horizontally or vertically, and the respective units can be owned and used separately, especially for residence including with common section (bagian bersama), common object…
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Certificate of Building Ownership of Condominium Unit (SKBG Sarusun)

Based on the Law of Republic of Indonesia Number 20 of 2011 on Condominium (“Condominium Law”), the definition of Certificate of Building Ownership of Condominium Unit  (“SKBG Sarusun”) is an evidence of the ownership of condominium unit above the objects owned by states/regions in form of land or waqaf land by leasing. SKBG Sarusun itself…
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Criminal Act Related to Condominium

Criminal Act Related to Condominium Criminal provisions related to condominium is regulated in Article 21 until Article 23 of the Law Number 16 of 1985 ("Law 16/1985") on Condominium. Article 21 paragraph (1) of Law 16/1985 regulates criminal sanction, that is stated, “Any person who is intentionally against the provisions of Article 6 of Law 16/1985, Article 17 paragraph (2) of Law 16/1985 and Article 18 paragraph (1) of Law 16/1985 shall be punished by a maximum imprisonment of 10 (ten) years or a maximum fine of Rp 100,000,000, - (one hundred million rupiah)”. Further, in Article 21 paragraph (3) of Law 16/1985 regulates criminal sanction that is stated, “Any person by whose negligence causes infringement of the provisions as referred in Article 6 of Law 16/1985, Article 17 paragraph (2) of Law 16/1985 and Article 18 paragraph (1) of Law 16/1985, shall be punished by a maximum jail of 1 (one) year or a maximum fine Rp. 1.000.000,- (one million rupiah)”. The provision of criminal sanction as referred in Article 21 paragraph (1) of Law 16/1985 is categorized as a crime. Whereas provision of sanction in Article 21 paragraphs (3) of Law 16/1985 is unlawful act. In Article 22 of Law 16/1985 it is stipulated that, beside that imposed negligence criminal act as defined above, it must also comply with the provisions as referred in Article 6 of Law 16/1985, Article 17 paragraph (2) of Law 16/1985, Article 18 paragraph (1) of Law 16/1958. Under Article 23 of Law 16/1985, it is stated that, Government Regulation governing the implementation of law 16/1985 may contain punishment of jail of criminal act by maximum 1 (one) year and/or fine of Rp. 1.000.000.- (one million rupiah). Criminal act in relation to Condominium that may be categorized as infringement and crime is any actions that are against provision in Article 6 of Law 16/1985, Article 17 of paragraph (2) of Law 16/1985 and Article 18 paragraph (1) of Law 16/1985 as follows: 1. Requirement of Technical and Administrative The provision in Article 6 of Law 16/1985 stipulates that, the construction of Condominium shall meet the technical and administrative requirements. Furthermore, the provision of technical and administrative requirement are governed by Government Regulation. Technical requirement is defined as regulation concerning building structure, security, safety, health, convenience, and others related with the architecture, including the completeness of infrastructure and environmental facilities. While the administrative requirements are the business license of the company's housing construction, permits of location and/or allocation, as well as building construction permit (IMB). 2. Implementation of Execution Mortgage and Fiduciary After Announcement and Notification This provision is regulated in Article 17 paragraph (2) of Law 16/1985 which stipulates that, for the execution of mortgages and fiduciary in order to repay a debt, may only be performed after 1 (one) month after it is notified in writing to the parties concerned and published in two newspapers circulating in that area, and/or local print media, without any parties that claim the objections. Announcement and notification provisions of the obligation before the execution of mortgages and fiduciary are intended in this Law to protect the other parties’ interests. 3.Feasible Occupancy Permit The provisions in Article 18 paragraph (1) Law 16/1985 regulates that, condominium units that have been built can be sold for occupancy after obtaining feasible occupancy permit from Government of the relevant region. Feasible occupancy permit is also required for non-residential condominium. The provisions in this Article are intended to secure the safety, security and order of the tenants. Sofie Widyana P.

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Obligations of Paying Service Charge by The Owner of Condominium Units

Each member of association of owners and tenants of Condominium units ("PPPSRS") has rights and obligations in relation to management of Condominium units. This membership is represented by householder and shall become effective since recorded in the list of tenants and/or have been domiciled in Condominium units which held by them in accordance with the applicable provisions. Article 16 paragraph 2 point b Government Regulation Number 4 of 1988 on Condominium (“GR 4/1988”) regulates that, every tenants of Condominium is obligated to pay service charge. The service charge is derived from PPPSRS which is collected by the association or the management board in accordance with the terms that have been agreed between administrator and management board or under the Article of Association or by By-Laws of tenants. This service charge is the responsibility of owner, unless the owner has transferred it to the tenant. Article 74 paragraph (2) of Law Number 20 of 2011 on Condominium (“Law 20/2011”) states that, PPPSRS consists of the owner or tenants who obtain the authority from the owner of the Condominium unit. The authority from the owner to tenant is limited to tenancy, for example, in determining the amount of service charge for the management of safety, cleanliness, or social community. Service charge for each Condominium units is calculated from the total cost of the daily management of Condominium units within the budget set by PPPRS. The costs are covered jointly by the owner of Condominium units based on Proportional Value Comparison of Condominium units. Any Condominium units’ tenant who violates Article 16 paragraph 2 point b of GR 4/1988who does not fulfill the obligation to pay service charge is categorized as unlawful act. As regulated in Article 17 paragraph (1) of GR 4/19988 the sanction is maximum confinement for maximum of 1 (one) year and/or a maximum fine of Rp. 1.000.000,- (one million Rupiah) Sofie Widyana P.

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